Gibbs Unringing

This tutorial walks through the steps to perform Gibbs unringing using DIPY.

You can try this using your own data; we will be using the data in DIPY. You can check how to fetch the DIPY data.

Suppress Gibbs Oscillations

Magnetic Resonance (MR) images are reconstructed from the Fourier coefficients of acquired k-space images. Since only a finite number of Fourier coefficients can be acquired in practice, reconstructed MR images can be corrupted by Gibbs artefacts, which is manifested by intensity oscillations adjacent to edges of different tissue types 1. Although this artefact affects MR images in general, in the context of diffusion-weighted imaging, Gibbs oscillations can be magnified in derived diffusion-based estimates 1, 2.

We will use the tissue_data dataset in DIPY to showcase the ability to remove Gibbs ringing artefacts. As with any other workflow in DIPY, you can also use your own data!

You may want to create an output directory to save the resulting Gibbs ringing-free volume:

mkdir gibbs_ringing_output

To run the Gibbs unringing method, we need to specify the path to the input data. This path may contain wildcards to process multiple inputs at once. You can also specify the optional arguments. In this case, we will be specifying the number of threads (num_threads) and output directory (out_dir). The number of threads allows to exploit the available computational power and accelerate the processing. The maximum number of threads available depends on the CPU of the computer, so users are expected to set an appropriate value based on their platform. If a None value is used, then all available threads are used.

To run the Gibbs unringing on the data it suffices to execute the dipy_gibbs_ringing command, e.g.:

dipy_gibbs_ringing data/tissue_data/t1_brain_denoised.nii.gz --num_threads None --out_dir "gibbs_ringing_output"

This command will apply the Gibbs unringing procedure to the input MR image and write the artefact-free result to the gibbs_ringing_output directory.

In case no output directory is specified, the Gibbs artefact-free output volume is saved to the current directory by default.

Note: Users are recommended to zoom on each image by clicking on them to see the Gibbs unringing effect.

Before Gibbs unringing

After Gibbs unringing

image1

image2

References

1(1,2)

Veraart, J., Fieremans, E., Jelescu, I.O., Knoll, F., Novikov, D.S., 2015. Gibbs Ringing in Diffusion MRI. Magn Reson Med 76(1): 301-314. https://doi.org/10.1002/mrm.25866

2

Perrone, D., Aelterman, J., Pižurica, A., Jeurissen, B., Philips, W., Leemans A., 2015. The effect of Gibbs ringing artifacts on measures derived from diffusion MRI. Neuroimage 120, 441-455. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.06.068.